FRANCE 1830 Second French Revolution Louis-Philippe I, homage of the French People to the English Nation, 36mm Bronze Medal 20.97 grams, by Gayrard and Caqué
Obverse: winged Genius ALL MANKIND ARE BROTHERS / PEACE AND LIBERTY
Reverse: THE FRENCH PEOPLE TO THE ENGLISH NATION / PARIS XXVII - XXVIII AND XXIX JULY MVCCCXXX
The French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution (révolution de Juillet), Second French Revolution or Trois Glorieuses in French ("Three Glorious [Days]"), was a second French Revolution after the First, that of 1789. It led to the overthrow of King Charles X, the French Bourbon monarch, and the ascent of his cousin Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans, who himself, after 18 precarious years on the throne, would be overthrown in 1848. It marked the shift from one constitutional monarchy, under the restored House of Bourbon, to another, the July Monarchy; the transition of power from the House of Bourbon to its cadet branch, the House of Orléans; and the replacement of the principle of hereditary right by that of popular sovereignty. Supporters of the Bourbon would be called Legitimists, and supporters of Louis Philippe Orléanists.
Frederick Parkes Weber wrote an 1893 article for the Royal Numismatics Society, "Medals and Medallions of the Nineteenth Century Relating to England by Foreign Artists" where he suggests that, "this medal was probably issued as a response to English sympathy. Sir John Bowring headed a deputation, after the French Revolution of 1830, bearing a congratulatory address from the citizens of London to the French people"
Armand Auguste Caqué (1793 - 1881) Medallist. Born in Saintes. Studied under Gayrard. Assistant engraver at the Hague mint from 1817-1818. Employed from 1853 to 1868 as Engraver to the Imperial Cabinet under Napoleon III. Caqué did other medals in English including a Canadian Prince of Wales School Medal (Leroux 638)
Paul Joseph Raymond Gayrard (1807 – 1855) was a French sculptor born in Clermont-Ferrand, France. He studied at an early age under his sculptor/engraver father Raymond Gayrard, and was a student of François Rude as well as David d'Angers.